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Physical Characteristics


Breed Group:

The Rottweiler is a member of the Working and Utility Groups.


Male: 85-135 lb.; female 80-100 lb.


Male: 24-27 inches; female 22-25 inches


The coat is black with rust, mahogany or tan markings.


The Rottweiler sports a straight, medium-length outer coat that is coarse and dense and flat lying. The waterproof undercoat is found on the neck and thighs.



This bold breed has a noble and confident expression. The Rottweiler can be headstrong and stubborn. It shows a quiet attitude to changing situations.

Country of Origin:



In ancient times, this breed had forefathers in the Roman Drover dog that accompanied Roman troops during campaigns. The Drover dog would drive and guard cattle, and were especially renowned near the town of Rottweil (red tile) in southern Germany. The Rottweiler metzgerhund (butcher dog) developed. In the 19th-century this breed had its place in Rottweil’s town history. When dog carting stopped in the mid-19th-century, the population declined. In the U.S. the Rottweiler enjoyed a revival.


Nicknames: Rottie, Rotty, Rott, Rochester.


This self-assured dog gives an imposing impression. This breed has a willingness to work. The Rottweiler can seem reserved and guarded to strangers.



The headstrong Rottweiler needs consistent training and socialization. While young, this dog needs to have positive experiences with other household pets. Obedience lessons are in order to prevent an aggressive dog.


Provide plenty of physical and mental exercise. This breed enjoys long walks and jogs. Allow vigorous play in a safe, enclosed area. Other activities include swimming, retrieving, carting and protection. Avoid rough play.


Owners must take into account their own size when handling a massive Rottweiler. Control the dog at all times. Do not allow a child to control it by himself. Owners need to be aware that the Rottweiler tolerates cold weather well, but may be overheated in hot weather. Although this companion dog can live outdoors with shelter, allow plenty of time to interact with his family indoors to maintain human socialization. Family friends will be welcome, but strangers need to keep well away. The Rottweiler has protection and watchdog abilities. Purchase third-party insurance.


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