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Dog Renal Neoplasia

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Dog Renal Neoplasia

Renal refers to the kidney. Renal neoplasia is in the kidneys. It can be the primary area or due to metastasis from another organ, which is secondary neoplasia. This type of tumor usually occurs in senior or middle aged dogs. Younger dogs can have tumors call nephroblastomas. These tumors grow very rapidly.

Carcinomas are more prevalent in males.

Signs and Symptoms

Most of the symptoms are very late to appear. As the disease progresses your dog will experience:

Dog Loss of Appetite

Dog Depression

•Blood in the urine

Dog Swollen Abdomen

Dog Anemia

Dog Increased Urination due to Dog Increased Thirst



Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical examination. This will include:

•Blood count

•Chemical profile

•Urine culture and urinalysis

•X-rays of the chest and abdomen



•Biopsy and/or abdominal exploratory surgery

Other disorders can exhibit some of these symptoms. Because of the similarity of the symptoms of neoplasia and illnesses such as Dog Kidney Disease, Dog Kidney Stones, infections of the kidney, blood clots following trauma and pockets of pus in the kidney as well as a variety of other kidney disorders.


Renal tumors are generally treated with surgery in the absence of metastasis and if involvement does not include both kidneys.

If your dog is dehydrated, your vet may order fluids to be administered intravenously. They are also indicated in dogs with infections or renal failure.

Removal of the tumor will generally require removal of the kidney as well. If it is felt that surgery will cure the disease, your vet may proceed with surgery. If there is involvement in both kidneys, measures will be taken to prolong your dog’s life but since recurrence is not unusual, no further steps will be taken.

Dog Cancer Chemotherapy is effective with some tumors. The medications used in this type of chemotherapy should be administered by a veterinary oncologist.

Dog Radiation Therapy is beneficial with renal carcinoma if it has metastasized to the bones.

If infection is present, your dog will be placed on antibiotic therapy.

After surgery treatment

Professional care as well as intense home treatment will be necessary. This is especially true if improvement is not immediate. There will be medications to administer on a regular basis. If there is any difficulty in administering these medications to your beloved dog, you need to notify your veterinarian.

Continuing treatment will include follow-up blood work which will include blood counts and chemistries. Abdominal ultrasound and chest x-rays will also be done on a regular basis. This is necessary to determine if there is any progression of the disease or metastasis to other organs.

The general prognosis for dogs with renal tumors that are malignant is poor. Maintenance is all that can be done in most instances. This is where the dog owner has the greatest responsibility. Cancer is painful and it is important that you follow a Dog Palliative Cancer Care plan. The treatment for cancer is not only painful, but expensive and often more of a benefit to the owner than the dog. If this is the course you choose, you should still prepare for the eventual demise of your beloved dog.

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Additional Dog Cancer Pages

Dog Cancer | Dog Skin Cancer | Dog Bladder Cancer | Dog Pancreatic Cancer | Dog Bone Cancer | Dog Cancer Prevention | Dog Cancer Diagnosis | Dog Lymphoma Cancer | Dog Gastric Cancer | Dog Mast Cell Tumors

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